Listing down the commonly used Elastic Search queries.

To see all available Index names

GET /_cat/indices?v

Output:

health status index   uuid                   pri rep docs.count docs.deleted store.size pri.store.size
green  open   .kibana HObWTCY_SZOWqShWiQ1vRA   1   1          8            3     55.5kb         27.7kb

To see all the Documents for an Index

GET INDEX_NAME/_search
{
  "query": {
    "match_all": {}
  }
}

To see all the Documents for an Index and a type

GET INDEX_NAME/TYPE_NAME/_search
{
  "query": {
    "match_all": {}
  }
}

Insert/Update a document

PUT INDEX_NAME/TYPE_NAME/6
{
  "name": "name2",
  "createdAt": "2017-07-27T08:38:48.276Z"
}

Delete a document by Id

DELETE INDEX_NAME/TYPE_NAME/ID

Get only specified attributes of document in result

GET INDEX_NAME/TYPE_NAME/_search
{
  "query": {
    "match_all": {}
  },
  "_source": ["ATTRIBUTE_NAME1", "ATTRIBUTE_NAME2"]
}

Get result within Date ranges specified

You can get search results within two dates specified.

Assuming: createdAt is the attribute which has date of creation of document.

Here,
gte means, greater than or equal to
lte means, less than or equal to

GET INDEX_NAME/TYPE_NAME/_search
{
  "query": {
    "range": {
      "createdAt": {
        "gte": "24/07/2017-13/02/12",
        "lte": "26/07/2017-15/02/05",
        "format": "dd/MM/yyyy-HH/mm/ss"
      }
    }
  }
}

To get last updated record based on date

You have number of records. When you search by a unique identifier, you get all of them. But, in many cases, you might be needing only latest one or last few records.

GET INDEX_NAME/TYPE_NAME/_search
{
  "query": {
    "match": {
      "NAME_ATTRIBUTE": "My identifier for name attribute"
    }
  },
  "size": 10,
  "sort": [
    {
      "createdAt": {
        "order": "desc"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Above code will give 10 records of criteria mentioned. If I need only latest one record. I need to mention size to 1.

GET INDEX_NAME/TYPE_NAME/_search
{
  "query": {
    "match": {
      "NAME_ATTRIBUTE": "My identifier for name attribute"
    }
  },
  "size": 1,
  "sort": [
    {
      "createdAt": {
        "order": "desc"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Search on nested attribute

GET INDEX_NAME/TYPE_NAME/_search
{
  "query": {
    "match": {
      "data.key": "My value"
    }
  }
}

Search on nested attribute, and get latest one

GET INDEX_NAME/TYPE_NAME/_search
{
  "query": {
    "match": {
      "data.key": "My value"
    }
  },
  "size": 1,
  "sort": [
    {
      "createdAt": {
        "order": "desc"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Delete all documents from a Type

DELETE INDEX_NAME/TYPE_NAME/

Delete an Index completely

DELETE INDEX_NAME

Search for the Existence of a Particular Attribute

You want to search for all the documents where this particular attribute is not present.

Note: I’m not talking about its value. Just presence.

GET /index_name/type_name/_search
{
  "query" : {
        "bool": {
          "must_not": [
            { "exists": { "field": "data.attrs.syncIssue" }}
          ]
        }
    }
}